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Saturday, August 1, 2020 | History

4 edition of The Role of solar ultraviolet radiation in marine ecosystems found in the catalog.

The Role of solar ultraviolet radiation in marine ecosystems

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Published by Published in cooperation with NATO Scientific Affairs Division [by] Plenum Press in New York .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Ultraviolet radiation -- Environmental aspects -- Congresses.,
  • Marine ecology -- Congresses.

  • Edition Notes

    Statementedited by John Calkins.
    SeriesNATO conference series., v. 7
    ContributionsCalkins, John, 1926-
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsQH543.6 .R64 1982
    The Physical Object
    Paginationxvi, 724 p. :
    Number of Pages724
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL3484319M
    ISBN 100306409097
    LC Control Number82003797

    Solar ultraviolet radiation: modelling, measurements, and effects. [C S Zerefos; Alkiviadis F Bais; North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Scientific Affairs Division.;] -- This volume brings together state-of-the-art views on ultraviolet radiation, its modelling, and effects from an interdisciplinary panel of international experts. Possible influences of solar UV radiation in the evolution of marine zooplankton. In, The role ofsolar ultraviolet radiation in marine ecosystems, edited by J. Calkins, Plenum Press, New York, pp. Damkaer, D.M. & D.B. Dey, Short-term responses of some planktonic crustacea exposed to enhanced UV-B radiation. In, The role of solar.

    CDOM strongly absorbs UV radiation and thus controls the penetration of biologically-harmful solar ultraviolet radiation into many freshwater and marine ecosystems. On irradiation, CDOM and its complexes with metals such as iron produce excited state and reactive oxygen species that mediate photosensitized reactions in aquatic environments. Marine ecosystems: Bacterial photosynthesis genes in a virus ultraviolet solar radiation in oceanic eco- Other studies have demonstrated that viruses themselves are sensitive to UV.

    There have been significant advances in our understanding of the effects of UV-B radiation on terrestrial ecosystems, especially in the description of mechanisms of plant response. A further area of highly interesting research emphasizes the importance of indirect UV radiation effects on plants, pathogens, h UNEP Report on Environmental Effects of Ozone Depletion. Terrestrial ecosystems, increased solar ultraviolet radiation and interactions with other climatic change factors† Martyn M. Caldwell,a Carlos L. Ballaré,b Janet F. Bornman,c Stephan D. Flint,a Lars Olof Björn,d Alan H. Teramura,e G. Kulandaiveluf and Manfred Tevini a Ecology Center, Utah State University, Logan, Utah , USA b IFEVA, Facultad de Agronomía, .


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The Role of solar ultraviolet radiation in marine ecosystems Download PDF EPUB FB2

The Role of Solar Ultraviolet Radiation in Marine Ecosystems (Nato Conference Series (closed) / Iv Marine Sciences) (Nato Conference Series (7)) Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed.

Edition by John Calkins (Editor) ISBN ISBN Why is ISBN important?. The Role of Solar Ultraviolet Radiation in Marine Ecosystems. Editors: Calkins, John (Ed Photochemical Transformations Induced by Solar Ultraviolet Radiation in Marine Ecosystems.

*immediately available upon purchase as print book shipments may be delayed due to the COVID crisis. ebook access is temporary and does not include. The Role of Solar Ultraviolet Radiation in Marine Ecosystems. Editors (view affiliations) Photochemical Transformations Induced by Solar Ultraviolet Radiation in Marine Ecosystems.

Richard G. Zepp It is immediately obvious that if stratospheric ozone were reduced and consequently the intensity of solar ultraviolet radiation reaching the. "Proceedings of a NATO conference on The Role of Solar Ultraviolet Radiation in Marine Ecosystems, held July, in Copenhagen, Denmark"--Title page verso.

Description: xvi, pages: illustrations ; 26 cm. Contents: Atmosphere and Basic Biological Dosimetry.- Preface to Section I.- UV-B Reaching the Surface The Role of Solar Ultraviolet Radiation in Marine Ecosystems.

[John Calkins] -- The inspiration for this monograph derived from the realization that human technical capacity has become so great that we can, even without malice, substantially modify and damage the gigantic and.

This book, first published inprovides a comprehensive review of UV radiation effects in the marine environment. A multidisciplinary approach is adopted to discuss all aspects from a physical, chemical and biological perspective.

In marine ecosystems of Patagonia, normal ultraviolet radiation (UVR) levels affect phytoplankton assemblages during the three phases of the annual succession: (1) prebloom season (late summer‐fall), (2) bloom season (winter‐early spring) and (3) postbloom season (late spring‐summer).

The marine ecosystem represents the single most important ecosystem on our planet. The effects of solar UV radiation ( nm) on growth, photosynthesis and.

Abstract Solar ultraviolet radiation (UVR, – nm) is a crucial environmental factor in alpine lakes because of the natural increase of the UVR flux with elevation and the high water transparency of these ecosystems.

The ecological importance of UVR, however, has only recently been recognized. Elevated solar UV-B radiation associated with stratospheric ozone reduction may exert effects on terrestrial ecosystems through actions on plants, microbes, and perhaps on some animals. At the ecosystem level, the effects are less well understood than.

Stratospheric ozone shields the Earth from much of the solar UV – B radiation which is the most biologically injurious component of sunlight. It is possible that both human technologies and.

Solar UV radiation penetrates to ecological significant depths in aquatic systems and can affect both marine and freshwater systems from major biomass producers (phytoplankton) to consumers (e.g., zooplankton, fish,etc.) higher in the food web. Damkaer D.M. () Possible Influences of Solar UV Radiation in the Evolution of Marine Zooplankton.

In: Calkins J. (eds) The Role of Solar Ultraviolet Radiation in Marine Ecosystems. NATO Conference Series, vol 7. Ultraviolet radiation (UV) is a minor fraction of the solar spectrum reaching the ground surface.

In this assessment we summarize the results of previous work on the effects of the UV-B component (– nm) on terrestrial ecosystems, and draw attention to important knowledge gaps in our understanding of the interactive effects of UV radiation and climate change.

Hunter J.R., Kaupp S.E., Taylor J.H. () Assessment of Effects of UV Radiation on Marine Fish Larvae. In: Calkins J.

(eds) The Role of Solar Ultraviolet Radiation in Marine Ecosystems. NATO Conference Series, vol 7. Research into the effects of ultraviolet (UV) radiation on terrestrial ecosystems remains a relatively new discipline that is currently split into two broad themes: the effects of increased UV-B radiation resulting from ozone depletion, and the role of UV radiation (largely UV-A) in the vision of many animals.

Another important role of marine phytoplankton is to serve as a sink for atmospheric carbon dioxide. Recent investigations have shown a large sensitivity of most phytoplankton organisms toward solar short-wavelength ultraviolet radiation (UV-B); even at ambient levels of UV-B radiation many organisms seem to be under UV stress.

8 UV radiation effects on heterotrophic bacterioplankton and viruses in marine ecosystems Wade H. Jeffrey, Jason P. Kase and Steven W. Wilhelm 9 Effects of UV radiation on the physiology and ecology of marine phytoplankton Maria Vernet 10 Impact of solar UV radiation on zooplankton and fish Horacio E.

Zagarese and Craig E. Williamson. UV-B radiation can negatively influence many aquatic species and aquatic ecosystems (e.g., lakes, rivers, marshes, oceans). Solar UV radiation penetrates to ecological significant depths in aquatic systems and can affect both marine and freshwater systems from major biomass.

Ecological roles of solar UV radiation: towards an integrated approach Nigel D. Paul1 and Dylan Gwynn-Jones2 1Department of Biological Sciences, Lancaster Environment Centre, Lancaster University, Bailrigg, Lancaster LA1 4YQ, UK 2Institute of Biological Sciences, University of Wales, Aberystwyth, Ceredigion SJ23 3DA, UK Research into the effects of ultraviolet (UV) radiation.

The Institute was organized so as to include state of the art lectures on most aspects of solar ultraviolet radiation and its effects. This was achieved by extended lectures and discussions given in five sessions by 27 lecturers and a demonstration of filed measurements and calibration techniques at the end of the Institute.The potential role of ultraviolet‐B (UV‐B)‐induced secondary plant metabolites as mediators of multiple trophic responses in terrestrial ecosystems is considered through review of the major classes of secondary metabolites, the pathways for their biosynthesis, interactions with primary and secondary consumers and known UV effects on their induction.De Mora, S., Demers, S.

and Vernet, M. () The Effect of UV Radiation in the Marine Environment. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. The Role of Solar Ultraviolet Radiation in Marine Ecosystems.